Click here to continue to the data

The mission of the Food Systems Workgroup (FSW) is that everyone has equitable access to safe, healthy, and affordable food.  
Food Access: Number of Convenience Stores per 1K
Population

We invite open discussion about the Food Systems Profile. If you would like to
share your thoughts on the trends displayed on this website, or on the information
provided in the additional resources section, please email site moderators at
FSWfoodsystemsprofile@gmail.com.

Trend
How is this indicator trending in
Eaton County?

Comparison
How does Eaton County compare to
state averages?
Measure
Year
Eaton    
County (1)
Trend
# of stores/1K
population
2011
.31
 
2009
.35
 
2007
.39
NA
Source: Last Accessed August 2014

Why Consider this Indicator?*

According to the North Central Region County Food Systems Profiles Portal:

"Availability of food outlets, such as grocery stores, convenience stores/gas stations, fast-food and full-
service restaurants, or farmers markets can influence consumer purchasing and dietary behavior.
Research suggests that grocery stores and supermarkets are generally more likely to stock a variety
of healthy food options at lower prices, compared to convenience stores/gas stations. Additionally,
disparities in relative access to 'healthy food outlets' exist, with low-income neighborhoods/census
tracts and rural communities having limited access to grocery stores or supermarkets. Negative health
outcomes, such as prevalence of obesity and diabetes, have been associated with higher density of
fast-food outlets and convenience stores, particularly among people of color and individuals with limited
incomes. For households with limited incomes participating in federal food assistance programs such
as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), or the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance
Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), the ability to redeem federal benefits at participating
stores will also influence which food outlets are visited. Recent research suggests that changes to the
WIC food package implemented in 2009 have improved overall availability of healthy foods at WIC
authorized stores. Many local food outlets may also serve as a direct market for farmers. Food outlets
can promote healthy choices through pricing and promotion strategies, marketing and point of
purchase prompts, and providing nutrition information such as through menu labeling (restaurants)."
(2)


Other Questions to Ask:
  • Are grocery stores locally owned or chain-operated?
  • Are there specialty grocery stores that cater to specific needs and cultures?
  • What are alternatives to conventional grocery stores?  
  • What constitutes a convenience store and how is it different than a grocery store? Convenience
    stores or food marts (except those with fuel pumps) are primarily engaged in retailing a limited
    line of goods that generally includes milk, bread, soda, and snacks. This differs from a grocery
    store which has canned and frozen foods; fresh fruits and vegetables; and fresh and prepared
    meats, fish, and poultry available. In some cases, businesses such as Quality Dairy will self-
    identify as a convenience store when the store offerings may constitute a “small grocery store”
    title.
Related Food Systems Workgroup Objectives:
  • Increase food justice in our community.
  • To increase viable local businesses that distributes locally grown sustainable food.



*The appearance of external and third party links provided as additional resources on indicator pages
does not indicate Food Systems Workgroup endorsement of the opinions expressed on listed external
sites; and is not necessarily representative of the Food Systems Workgroup and/or other affiliated
organizations. Additional resources are provided for convenient, related research and discussion.
Food Systems Profile
Measure
Year
Eaton
County
Michigan
County
Average (1)
Comparison
# of stores/1K
population
2011
.31
.61
 
2009
.35
.60
 
2007
.39
.62
1- USDA Food Environment Atlas
2- http://www.foodsystems.wisc.edu/links.php